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Healthy Pregnancy A to Z

Healthy Life Column

Pre-Pregnancy Care

Check Up
Test Types Descriptions
Blood Type Test This is a test that can reduce the risk of miscarriage, preterm birth, and stillbirth due to hemolysis by evaluating the basic health of pregnant women and testing blood types, RH factors, and irregular antibodies.
Basic Blood Test Anemia and thrombocytopenia are tested to prevent complications of pregnancy (taking a hematopoietic agent if anemic).
Syphilis Test Syphilis causes congenital syphilis when a fetus is infected.
Hepatitis B & C /
Liver Function Test
Knowing if pregnant women has hepatitis is important for infection control of newborns.
AIDS Test This is a test to prevent congenital AIDS.
Thyroid Function Test Early detection of dysfunction of the thyroid gland is crucial. In case of abnormalities, additional thyroid function tests and treatment are required.
Rubella Antibody Test Rubella can cause fetal infections during early pregnancy, resulting in cataracts and congenital heart disease in newborns.
Varicella Antibody Test Infection during pregnancy can cause birth defects and fetal death. Therefore, getting vaccinated before pregnancy is recommended in the absence of antibodies.
Urine Test Preeclampsia, diabetes, urethritis, pyelonephritis, kidney disease can be diagnosed to reduce the risk of miscarriage and premature birth.
Uterine Cancer Test This test is for early diagnosis of uterine cancer.
Ultrasound Ultrasound is used to diagnose normal pregnancy and to detect ectopic pregnancy, as well as abnormalities in the uterus and ovaries. (Ultrasound exams are simple tests without the risk of radiation exposure.)
Elective Tests
Test Types Description
STD/STI Test Chlamydia, mycoplasma, and ureaplasma tests can help prevent premature labor, premature birth, and low birth weight in pregnancy by treating them in advance when tests come back positive.
Toxoplasma and
Cytomegalovirus Test
If tests come back positive, it is treated in advance to prevent congenital infection of the fetus.
Vitamin D Test You can reduce the risk of preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, and preterm labor by supplementing vitamin D in case of a deficit.